With advanced techniques being used today the side effects are much less compared to surgery done in the past. Not only is the surgery done faster but so also is the recovery of the patient. They no longer need to be confined to bed but are able to move about on their own in two to three days time.
Common Side Effects of Surgery are as follows:
- Pain: This is very common after any surgery as it involves using the scalpel and cutting through skin. Pain will be there for a short period and as the wound heals the pain becomes less. Pain killers are recommended by doctors to ease the pain thresh hold.
- Appetite loss:This is quite common among patients as the general anesthesia given makes the patient to feel both drowsy and the urge to throw up. After the side effects of the drowsiness wears off the patient does tend to feel hungry. Also the use of antibiotics in the injectible form can also disturb the intestinal flora and may lead to a delay in getting the appetite back.
- Tiredness: after major surgery patients feel tired. Surgery conducted on the abdomen, chest the body tends to divert the energy in the direction of the site of surgery Also the reduction in consumption of food prior and after the surgery can also lead to the patient feel lethargic.
- Bleeding: During and after surgery there is always a certain amount of blood loss. The loss is minimal and does not affect the body functions. However if there is a heavy loss of blood the doctors definitely use blood transfusion to compensate for the loss.
- Swelling: this is a natural phenomenon that occur s post surgery when swelling occurs around the site of the surgery. This swelling is due to the fluid containing chemicals from around the site of surgery while blood cells accumulate in the injured tissues to form a protection against attacking substances. As the healing speeds up likewise the swelling gets reduced.
- Infection: Great efforts are taken to reduce the infection following a surgery. However infection may occur at the site of surgery Signs of infection may be seen in the redness surrounding the operated area, increased pain and warmth. Normally antibiotics are administered to void off infections.
- Lymph edema:: Following a lymph node removal there is infection or swelling and could result in the patient feeling uncomfortable. This could restrict the movement of the patient in the arm or leg. This swelling is called lymphedema.
- Sexuality:Normally after surgery the patients sexual health could take a back seat in people who are recovering from surgery of the prostrate, bladder etc may feel changes in their sexual urge or desire. Even the production of semen and the ability to have an erection does not take place. This side effect would result in depression, sadness, tension and stress. During this period it is always advisable to discuss with doctor who had operated and take his advice with a pinch of salt.